۶ top offshore wind projects
Middelgrunden, Denmark [Image source: Kim Hansen, Flickr]
Middelgrunden is situated in the Øresund, 3.5 kilometers from Copenhagen. The offshore wind farm was completed in 2000 when it was the world’s largest, with 20 turbines and a 40 MW capacity. It supplies around 4 percent of the power for Copenhagen. The project was initiated by the Copenhagen Environment and Energy Office (CEEO) and listed in the Danish Action Plan for Offshore Wind. Local people also formed the Middelgrunden Wind Turbine Cooperative which cooperated with Copenhagen Energy. Each turbine stands on concrete gravity base foundations which were considered to be the cheapest option.